Ant Diversity in Dominant vegetation types of Southern Cameroon

Ants have been shown as particularly affected by land disturbance through deforestation and conversion of forest to agriculture. The effect of land use change on ant diversity in the Congo Basin is not well known. We conducted intensive sampling along a gradient of increasing vegetation disturbance to test the effect of habitat disturbance on ant diversity and Functional Groups composition. Sampling was conducted in 30 plots (5 study sites × 3 habitat × 2 plots/habitat), replicated six times in 1 year. In each plot, ants were monitored with pitfall traps, quadrats and baits. We recorded 237 ant morphospecies grouped in 10 subfamilies and 43 genera. Myrmicaria opaciventris was the most abundant species followed by Anoplolepis tenella. Forest had greater ant diversity compared with fallows and mixed‐crop fields. Functional groups were dominated by Opportunists, followed by Omnivorous Arboreal Dominants and Generalized Mymicinae. Their composition was not affected by the disturbance, but occurrence of Specialist Predators decreased with increasing disturbance. Occurrence of Generalized Myrmicinae, Opportunists and Subordinate Camponotini increased with disturbance. These results indicate that forest conversion into mixed‐crop fields reduce ant diversity. It can also increase abundance of species with generalized diet that predominates where stress and disturbance limits other ants.

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Field Value
Creator Fotso Kuate, Apollin
Creator Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Creator ID Type ORCID
Creator ID 0000-0002-5247-7519
Subject Vocab (AGROVOC/GACS/CAB) Wet season,Dry season,Forest,Fallow,Vegetation,Ants,Baits
Subject(s) Anoplolepis tenella,Myrmicaria opaciventris
Publisher International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor Person Hanna, Rachid; Tindo, Morris; Nagel, Peter; Nanga, Samuel
Contributor Role Other
Contributor Project Lead Organisation Center International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor Project Lead Center International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor CRP CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Contributor Partner University of Douala, University of Basel
Contributor Donor Research Fellow Partnership Program (RFPP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Contributor Project Toward Sustainable control options against the African root and tuber scale. Understanding the Biology on the associated ant Anoplolepis tenella in the Congo Basin
Project ID
Contributor Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Open-Access status Open Access
Production Date 2008-04-10
Embargo End Date
Content Type Audio
File Format csv
Identifier Type DOI
Identifier https://doi.org/10.25502/ef1g-vn54/d
Identifier Citation Paper: Fotso Kuate A, Hanna R, Nanga S, Tindo M, Nagel P. 2015. Ant Diversity in Dominant vegetation types of Southern Cameroon. Biotropica 47(1):94-100. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/btp.12182
Source Toward Sustainable control options against the African root and tuber scale. Understanding the Biology on the associated ant Anoplolepis tenella in the Congo Basin
Language English
Relation Not applicable
Agroecological Zone Humid warm tropics
Coverage Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Coverage country Cameroon
Coverage Admin Unit Not applicable
Coverage Y (Latitude) 3.90019, 3.90000, 3.82252, 3.84440
Coverage X (Longitude) 11.88062, 10.78333, 11.07259, 10.70070
Coverage Start Date 2017-05-21
Coverage End Date 2008-04-10
Contact Fotso Kuate, Apollin; Visiting Scientist, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contact Email a.fotso@cgiar.org
Restriction CC-BY 4.0
Email Permission Not applicable
Rights CC-BY 4.0