Population dynamics of banana aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

The banana aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphidae) is the vector of Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV, genus Babuvirus), causal agent of banana bunchy top disease, the most devastating viral disease of banana and plantain (Musa spp). The aphid is present in all the banana growing areas of the world. Field experiments to determine the effect of weather parameters (temperature, rainfall, and relative humidity), and mono- and mixed crop effects on the temporal variation in aphid populations on four Musa cultivars, Essong, FHAI23, PITA 14 and Cavendish Williams, were conducted from April 2010 to January 2013 in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Aphids were counted directly on the pseudostem. Aphid populations were highest during the first year of the study (2010/2011) and were successively lower in 2011/2012, and 2012/2013. The population growth rate was highest on Essong and lowest on Williams, however, temporal pattern of aphid population was similar on all the genotype regardless of the cropping system and time of the year. Apterous population was negatively correlated on FHIA23 under mixed cropping conditions. There was no significant effect of temperature and rainfall on aphid dynamics under both cropping systems, but peak populations on plants coincided with increasing temperatures and decreasing rainfall. No parasitoid was found on banana aphid and predators detected were generalists in the orders of Dermaptera (earwigs), Araneae (spiders) and Coleoptera (coccinelids). Aphid population was generally greater on plantains than on bananas under both cropping systems, indicating Musa genotype is the most important factor that regulates the magnitude of banana aphid population.

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Field Value
Creator Ngatat, Sergine
Creator Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Creator ID Type ORCID
Creator ID 0000-0002-5786-3865
Subject Vocab (AGROVOC/GACS/CAB) Banana,Population dynamics,Monocropping,Mixed cropping,Aphids,Genotype,Plantains,Virus,Disease,Mortality,Suckers,Bunchy top disease,Hemiptera,Coleoptera
Subject(s) Aphidae
Publisher International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor Person Rachid Hanna; Pullikanti Lava Kumar, Komi Fiaboe, Fotso K. Apollin, Richard T.Ghogomu
Contributor Role Supervisor
Contributor Project Lead Organisation Center AfricaRice
Contributor Project Lead Center Banana bunchy top disease control-RTB
Contributor CRP CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Banana(RTB)
Contributor Partner Not applicable
Contributor Donor CGIAR program Roots, Tubers and Banana; the United Nations University On-the Job Training and Capacity Building grant
Contributor Project Banana bunchy top disease control-RTB
Project ID
Contributor Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Open-Access status Open Access
Production Date 2013-12-18
Embargo End Date 2021-12-03
Content Type Dataset
File Format csv
Identifier Type DOI
Identifier https://doi.org/10.25502/6jfe-7n42/d
Identifier Citation
Source Banana bunchy top disease control-RTB
Language English
Relation Not applicable
Agroecological Zone Humid warm tropics
Coverage Region Central Africa
Coverage country Cameroon
Coverage Admin Unit Not applicable
Coverage Y (Latitude) 3.863233
Coverage X (Longitude) 11.4619
Coverage Start Date 2010-06-23
Coverage End Date 2013-12-18
Contact Ngatat, Sergine; International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contact Email s.ngatat@cgiar.org
Restriction CC-Zero
Email Permission Not applicable
Rights CC-Zero