GF-120 and Control of Cucurbit crops in Benin

Fruit flies belong to family Tephritidae are the most destructive pests of horticultural crops in Benin, West Africa. Given their economic losses in zucchini and watermelon crops, the protein bait GF-120 was evaluated for its effectiveness to control cucurbits-infesting fruit flies The protein bait was applied to clusters of sorghum and castor bean planted in four corners alternately as a border crops. For over 2 years – 2008 to 2009, we conducted on-station trials at IITA-Benin to identify 1) the most attractive roosting hosts to fruit flies among 12 tested, and 2) evaluate the effectiveness of GF-120 bait spray on the selected roosting hosts. The benefit obtained in applying GF-120 to protect zucchini and watermelon plants was assessed. The experimental design consisted of a "Complete Random Block Design" with two treatments – untreated and GF-120 treated plots, replicated three times. The results revealed that the castor bean and sorghum were identified as the best roosting hosts naturally attractive to fruit flies. The protein bait GF-120 was therefore applied to the underside of young leaves of castor bean and sorghum every Monday morning from 7am to 9am during the test period. The GF-120-treated castor bean, attracted more fruit flies than GF-120-treated sorghum. Infestation rates on the zucchini and watermelon were significantly lower (29% and 20%) on GF-120-treated plots than on untreated plots (73% and 77%) respectively. The use of GF-120 in integrated fruit flies management is therefore benefic and advantageous for the vegetable growers.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Creator Hanna, Rachid
Creator Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Creator ID Type ORCID
Creator ID 0000-0002-5715-0144​
Subject Vocab (AGROVOC/GACS/CAB) Exudates, Baits, Fruit, Weight
Subject(s) Integrated program, Suppression, Fruit fly species, Dacus ciliatus, Dacus vertebratus, Dacus bivittatus, Dacus punctatifrons, Zeugodacus cucurbitae, Fruit weight
Publisher International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor Person Ginette Azandeme-Hounmalon, Désiré Gnanvosou, Adam S. Ahanchede
Contributor Role Hosting Institution
Contributor Project Lead Organisation Center International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor Project Lead Center International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Contributor CRP CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Contributor Partner Not applicable
Contributor Donor IITA core donors & BMZ Mango IPM
Contributor Project Identification of roosting hosts and their integration into bait applications for the management of cucurbit flies in Benin, West Africa
Project ID
Contributor Affiliation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Open-Access status Open Access
Production Date 2021-07-21
Embargo End Date 2023-07-22
Content Type Dataset
File Format csv
Identifier Type DOI
Identifier https://doi.org/10.25502/0sgw-3538/d
Identifier Citation
Source Identification of roosting hosts and their integration into bait applications for the management of cucurbit flies in Benin, West Africa
Language English
Relation Not applicable
Agroecological Zone Subhumid warm tropics
Coverage Region Western Africa
Coverage country Republic of Benin
Coverage Admin Unit Not applicable
Coverage Y (Latitude) 6.4428
Coverage X (Longitude) 2.55
Coverage Start Date 2008/11/18
Coverage End Date 2009/02/01
Contact Gnanvossou, Desire
Contact Email D.Gnanvossou@cgiar.org
Restriction CC- Zero
Email Permission None
Rights CC- Zero